Central universities: controlled by the central government
Over the past few decades, India’s higher education system has seen rapid expansion and development. There are thousands of higher education institutions in India that you can choose from, offering high quality degree programs in a variety of fields. India was home to the first university in the world, as well as the inventor of the digit 0.
You will find 8 Indian institutions in the 2022 QS World University Rankings top 500. The highest ranked of these is the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IITB), which is placed at 177th. The next Indian institution in the rankings is the Indian Institute of Science, which is placed at 185th. Many of India’s universities are internationally ranked, proving that India works hard to provide quality education.
The Indian education system has a particular pedigree for technology and management studies programs. Because of this, there are many specialised institutions. There are also Indian universities that offer courses in other fields of study, you are bound to be able to pursue your degree in India!
Located in South Asia and home to over 1.2 billion people, India is the second most populous country in the world. It shares a land border with Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, China, Bhutan and Myanmar. It is also surrounded by the Indian Ocean, the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal.
There are five main types of higher education institutions in India. These are:
Central universities: controlled by the central government State universities: governed by one of the country’s regions Deemed universities: high-performing institutions with equal status to universities Institutes of National Importance (INI): funded by the central government, these include the Indian Institutes of Technology, and the Indian Institutes of Management Private universities: privately established and funded institutes of higher education.
India is now known as a communication hub, and is attractive due to its forward thinking. You will find the headquarters of many international companies located in India. These include Ford, Suzuki and Coca Cola. With impressive architecture and the ability to appease all five of your senses, students will enjoy a whole new cultural experience. Famous Indians include the civil rights leader Mahatma Gandhi, and the actor Mohammad Ali (not to be confused with the boxer!). If you choose to study in India, make sure to sample as much of the cuisine as you can, as the style of food varies across the country.
India is a ‘megadiverse’ country, and contains three regions known as ‘biodiversity hotspots. You will find 9% of all mammals living in India, as well as 6% of all flowering plants. This is partly due to the varying terrain and climate in the country. The habitats range from coniferous forests in the Himalayas to tropical rainforests. Temperatures tend to be mild all year round, with heavy rainfall in the tropic climate areas.